BAGHA JATIN MUKHERJEE -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography


BAGHA JATIN MUKHERJEE -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography

BAGHA JATIN MUKHERJEE -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography

Bagha Jatin Mukherjee (1879-1915) revolutionary activist. Bagha Jatin's real name was Jatindra Nath Mukherjee. He hailed. It is said that he came to be called 'Bagha Jatin' after killing a tiger single-handed and without any arms. He learnt short hand and type writing after passing the Entrance Examination and was appointed a stenographer to the government of Bengal. Jatin, a strong and stout young man, proved his efficiency as a sincere, honest, obedient and diligent employee.

Jatin was born in Kayagram, a village in the Kushtia subdivision of Nadia district in what is now Bangladesh. His parents were Umeshchandra Mukherjee and Sharatshashi; he grew up in his ancestral home at Jhenaidah till his father's death when Jatin was five years old. His mother settled in her parents' home in Kayagram with him and his elder sister. As he grew older, Jatin gained a reputation for physical bravery and great strength; charitable and cheerful by temperament, he was fond of enacting mythological plays and playing the roles of god- loving characters.

Jatin, a man with a strong sense of self-respect and national pride, came in contact with Aurobindo Ghosh, and took part in climbing, swimming and shooting in the bodybuilding. In 1908 Jatin, with some revolutionaries, was implicated in the Alipore Conspiracy Case. In the judgement Barin Ghosh was deported for life, many others were sentenced to various terms and the Anushilan Samiti was declared illegal and banned. Jatin was acquitted for want of evidence, went in hiding and continued underground works with other revolutionaries.

Jatin was once again arrested in the Hawra-Shibpur Conspiracy Case, and those who were arrested with him were given the common name 'Jatin's gang'. They were so ruthlessly tortured that some of them died and some went insane. Jatin, though acquitted in this case also for want of evidence, was dismissed from service. When in jail, Jatin made a long term programme to capture power through armed insurrection. He planned to unite different groups of patriots and with this intention Naren travelled extensively all over India as a Sanyasi and organised the revolutionaries in Bengal and elsewhere. The leaders of various groups gathered together on the occasion of relief works during the floods in Hughli and Midnapore. They chose Jatin Mukherjee and Rashbehari Bose as leaders for Bengal and northern India respectively.

With the outbreak of the First World War, the Indian revolutionaries of Europe gathered together in Berlin to form the Indian Independence Party and sought German assistance, to which the German government agreed. The Indian Independence Party sent an emissary to Jatin Mukherjee to negotiate with the German Consulate in Calcutta. In the meantime Jatin was made the Commander-in-Chief of the entire revolutionary forces.


Police, however, discovered the hideout of Jatin in a paddy field. On 9 September 1915, after heavy exchange of fire, two revolutionaries surrendered. Police found Jatin dead with two others injured. 

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