Developing good handwriting is not as easy as wearing clothes. You can make clothes to fit for your body but for good handwriting you have to work on yourself to fit for it. Writing is about movements. How well they are coordinated on a paper by a pen is a measure of your practice for it. The more you practise for your handwriting, the more improvement you see in its legibility and fluency.


When you have a pen in your hand, you should not give time to think how to write but what to write. 'How to write' will naturally come of it. It becomes your nature as soon as you finish your homework for it. That homework, of course, includes how to shape letters, what is the best way of joining them, how to take care of margins and many more.


You need some conscious practice to reach the point where you can think what to write and completely forget how to write. There are some key practising stages that can contribute substantially to the productivity of your efforts.


To start with


Pace comes only when you master your foundation. Don't think that you can write faster in a short span of time. Everything needs its due time. Nothing that remains eternally can be made in a day. Good handwriting is not different. It is forever. Keep that in mind and start giving some time to practise.


Time could be a problem for you but you don't need to practise it 10 absolutely free time. As you are not working on any thinking process, you don't need absolutely free time for it. You are practising for a same style again and again to get it into habit.


You can do it with any work which doesn't want your full concentration like watching TV, listening music, talking casually, relaxing with tea, etc. These times are best suited to work on basic movements and regularity of letters. Simultaneously, you can 'practise how to work in coordination with pen, hand and eye.


Don't restrict your pen


Your grip for pen should be as free as your mind. Let it move the way it chooses from. Unless it will move freely, you are not going to know what you can discover best for yourself. Initially don't make it a follower. Any constraints will only limit your possibilities for good handwriting. Avoid standard shapes, sizes and patterns, to know yourself better for handwriting. The intention of this exercise is to have control on pen. So liberate it for free movements.


we are different for handwriting because we are different for its flow


Let your pen behave like brush when you start practisingfor good handwriting


Practising on patterns


Once you are comfortable with the flow of pen, try to make patterns. Keep on making them without changing your grip. The resemblance of each successive stroke with the previous one brings you near to good handwriting. Whatever pattern you are making you should be consistent with its flow.


Importance of vertical lines

Vertical lines are crucial for some letters. You can say that it is a stem which gives support to rest of the letter. They should look alike in different letters to make words look symmetrical. Practise it with lines moving down. Confirm they are all of the same height.


They should be parallel to each other what so ever slant they have but that slant should be identical for all the lines. Maintain the slant to an angle, which will not look barrier for other letters when written with it although a slight right slant of about five degrees to the right is considered optimum.


Keep on practising downward movements till you don't start making identical strokes for all the letters where vertical line is used as a stem.


Basically there are three vertical lines that you need to practise. First line usually stays in the middle part. Second line moves down from upper line to lower middle. And third one goes down from upper middle line to lower line. Take care, your slant should be same for all the lines and their movements should be downward always. Primarily, this practice gives you command over the ascenders and the descenders of letters.


Letters for upward strokes


There are some letters like v, wand x where the upward movements are as important as downward movements. Here both the upward and the downward movements should be practised in continuation. It has been seen that we put too much pressure on pen for upward strokes although there is no need of it. Try to move it smoothly on paper rather than pushing it, and for downward strokes, let the pen glide naturally.


Write in drawing


(i) Upstrokes parallel to each other

(ii) Downstrokes parallel to each other

(iii) The space should be equal

(iv) The strokes should be of the same size



After practising these movements, you will start making letters like v, wand x at ease.


Letters form of oval shape


First of all you would like to know, what could be the most promising o-shape for writing letters? We have many shapes for it, but the most reasonable is one that has an angle of five degrees towards right from its axis. It is very important to practise o-shape because there are several letters which are formed using this shape some are c, 0, a, d, g and q.


How to make that' 0'


Begin it with a left stroke, and then push it downwards making a convex curvature.


When it touches the bottom line, make the curve move up joining the point from where it began.


Suppose there is a word which includes three o. Write it again and again as a practice. Check whether all of them have same angle or not. If they do not, then they will not be parallel also. On the contrary, if they look like eggs placed in a refrigerator tray, you have written them right.



Forming 'n' helps you forming other alphabets


The letter n is formed of an arc with clockwise movement. Its forming resembles the forming of several other letters like r, m, h. So, its practice is important to write them right too.


Begin it with a downward vertical line. Keep the slant if you want to, it should not be more than five degrees. As it reaches the bottom line, rewrite it back on stalk upwards, then start making the curve of it touching the top line, afterwards straighten the stroke downward, parallel to the line of which originated the curve.


Keep in mind if you form n correct, you can easily write 0 under its arch.


Making 'u'


It seems to be reverse of en'. It moves anti-clockwise and its arc is upturned. When you make 'u', be careful about its finishing stroke. Connecting letter is as important as forming. It is important for joining the letters like 'i', 'I' and "t'.


Joining letters


A letter has its own identity. Similarly, a written word also has its own character when its letters are properly connected. Joining ofletters is very important as it gives beauty to the word. Take an example of colour matching, you want aesthetic appeal out of it, so that it could give identity to your look. The same is with a word. If it is not well connected, it doesn't look like a word. There are many benefits of joining letters. First, it gives words distinct appearance. Second, it makes you write fast.


Try to write some n letters fast. Don't lift your pen. When you join one en' to the other, you make thin thread like line. This joining stroke is called ligature.


Diagonal Joining


Usually we join the letters diagonally. It is the easiest way to write fast and comfortably.


These are the letters which we join to the other letters by initiating stroke at the base.


You can join them with the next letter diagonally. Do a lot of practice to join letters diagonally for fast writing.


When you join letters from top to bottom, it is pointed. When you join from bottom to top, it is rounded.



Joining is pointed when the second letter is an anticlockwise letter.



It is rounded when the second letter is a clockwise letter.                  


Your joining of letters should be clean and clear. One letter shouldn't dominate the other. It should come as a natural connection.


Here are given both the ways to practise joining diagonally.


You can join the letters horizontally


The letters are formed in two ways. So they are also joined in two different ways diagonally and horizontally.


You join with a horizontal stroke when a letter finishes at the top.


The same is with 'f' and 't' also. You complete them with cross-stroke. Join them to the next letter extending the cross-stroke horizontally further. Always give proper attention to the space you are leaving between two letters.


Practise for some horizontal joining. Don't change the direction of your pen if you are not comfortable with joining the letters horizontally.


Joining 't'


't' can be joined in two different ways horizontally and diagonally. Pick one which goes with your writing comfort and appearance.


Joining 'e'


You can write letter 'e' in two different ways. It means there are two different ways to join it from the other letter.


These are two possible ways to join the letter 'e' with the next letter.



First work on both the ways, then decide which is convenient for you.


Moving back

These are all the rounded letters which take joining stroke moving back.


Study these diagonally joined-up letters. The stroke that you are going to join moves back to complete the next letter formation. This is like applying reverse gear and coming back to the same position. From here you move further to complete the next letter formation.




Try to make an angle of 4S degrees to the base for joining any rounded letter. Complete the top part of the rounded letter. Take the same path to come back, after that form the letter completely to join it with the next letter.


Given below are some exercises to practise joining of this nature.



Difficulty in joining some letters

'g', 'j', 'q', 'y' are some letters which are not easy to join with the next letter.


These letters end in the lowest possible position of letter formation. So, it is difficult to join them with the next letter immediately.


You need a long stoke to join it to the following letter. Some people leave these letters without joining.


Two options

'b', 'p', 's', 'x' letters end in either a clockwise movement or a left stroke.


They can be joined in two ways.


Third way is, don't join them at all.


Try for all these options to adopt one which suits you most.


A lot about letter joining is discussed here. Now, it depends on you what and how you opt for your style. Choose the one which ensures you fast handwriting. It should look impressive too.




There are many sentences which have all the alphabets together. Writing these sentences again and again is good handwriting practice. You will get an opportunity to write all the letters, to some extent, equal number of times. Besides that, you get an opportunity to work on different joining combinations. Sentences containing every letter of the alphabet are called "pangrams" or "holalphabetic sentences".


The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, is one of the common pangrams. We use it quite often. But it has 9 surplus letters. If you want to practise for handwriting, choose those which are close to 26 letters. So that you can practise for each letter equally. Although the number of letters doesn't make big difference, mentally somewhere it gives you convenience. Here are some 26 letters pangrams. You can practise them taking all the letters either small or capital.


Mr. Jock, TV quiz PhD, bags few lynx.

Cwm fjord-bank glyphs vext quiz.

Blowzy night-frumps vex'dJack Q

Squdgy fez, blank jimp crwth vox!

TV quiz drag nymphs blew JFK cox.

Q-kelt vug dwarf combs jynx phiz.


Some other pangrams with more than 26 letters


Waltz, nymph, for quick jigs vex bud. (28)

Quick zephyrs blow, vexing daft Jim. (29)

Sphinx of black quartz: judge my vow. (29)

How quickly daft jumping zebras vex. (30)

Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs. (32)

The quick brown fox jumps over a lazy dog. (33)

Jump by vow of quick, lazy strength in Oxford. (36)

Crazy Fredrick bought many very exquisite opal jewels. (46)

Sixty zippers were quickly picked from the woven jute bag. (48)

How razorback jumping frogs can level six piqued gymnasts. (49)

We promptly judged antique ivory buckles for the next prize. (50)




Do you have any questions?

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