Why do Hindus walk around the deity in a temple?
When in a temple, it is customary to circumambulate the deity. This practice is not based upon blind faith but has a scientific basis. When a temple is established and life is infused into the deity through a proper pran pratishtha ceremony, divinity enters the deity. This divinity is in the form of magnetic waves starting from the central point of the base of the deity. This spreads around in a circle. The vibrations are the strongest near the deity and gradually weaken, as the circle becomes larger. The positive vibrations influence a person walking around the deity.
The divine halo always moves clockwise. Divinity too moves clockwise. It is therefore essential that one walks around the deity clockwise. By moving along the magnetic field of the deity one can benefit from the positive vibrations one receives. These vibrations are a blessing that add to one's strength and protect one from all kinds of problems and calamities. After completing prayers and offerings, it is therefore customary to walk around the deity.
It is believed that the longer one walks around the deity, the greater the benefit from the vibrations. It is customary to walk around the deity of Lord Krishna thrice. For Durga, one round is customary. In general, it is customary to walk 5 to 11 times around a deity.
Religious texts direct that when going around the deity of Shankar one should not cross the line where the offering of milk and water flows. For this reason, one takes only half a round around Shankar. One returns and then does the other half. It is also believed that the vibrations around Lord Shankar move both ways, clockwise and anti-clockwise.