CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography


CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography

CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD -Indian Freedom Fighters Biography

Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23,1906 in Badarka (Unnao) in V.P. Earlier he was Chandrasekhar Tiwari, but after a court incident he became famous as Azad. Chandrasekhar Azad's parents were Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari and Jagrani Devi. He received his early schooling in Bhavra District Jhabua (Madhya Pradesh). For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.

He was an ardent follower of Hanuman and disguised himself as a priest in a hanuman temple to escape the dragnet of British in pre-independence India. Young Azad was one of the young generation of Indians when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement. But many were disillusioned with the suspension of the struggle in 1922 owing to the Chauri Chaura massacre of 22 policemen. In view of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919, where Army units killed hundreds of unarmed civilians and wounded thousands, young Azad and contemporaries like Bhagat Singh were deeply hurt.

As a revolutionary, he adopted the last name Azad. There is an interesting story that while he adopted the name' Azad' he made a pledge that the Police will never capture him alive. Azad and others had committed themselves to absolute independence by any means. He was most famous for The Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and the assassination of the assistant superintendent of Police Saunders in1928. Azad and his compatriots would target British officials known for their oppressive actions against ordinary people, or for beating and torturing arrested freedom fighters.        

Bhagat Singh joined Azad following the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian leader who was beaten to death by police officials. Azad trained Singh and others in covert activities, and the latter grew close to him after witnessing his resolve, patriotism and courage. Along with fellow patriots like Rajguru and Sukhdev, Azad and Singh formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, committed to complete Indian independence and socialist principles of for India's future progress.


Betrayed by an informer on 27 February 1931 Azad was encircled by British troops in the Alfred park, Allahabad. He kept on fighting till the last bullet. Finding no other alternative, except surrender, Azad shot himself in the temple On the 27th of February, 1931. 

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