Information Technology Revolution

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Information Technology Revolution

Information Technology Revolution

The new millennium saw another revolution in the history of mankind - the information technology (IT) revolution. IT is the fastest growing field in the world. India has a major stake in this field and our software and hardware experts, firms and IT specialists have been contributing significantly towards this. For example, the annual revenue of the Indian software industry has touched the US $6 billion mark in 2000. During 1995-96, when there was a major recession in most economies of the world, Indian software exports were 16.2 per cent in the global customised software market, which was a great achievement.

The first major area of IT is the great demand for electronic mail ( e-mail). This is a high-speed communication mode through the Internet. An e-mail costs less than one rupee per page and can be sent or received from any comer of the world. This unique facility is fast catching up as awareness about it develops. All one needs is a computer, an e-mail account, a telephone with STD facility and a modem card. E-mail is the communication of the future that will soon eliminate the need for postage, courier and telephonic conversations. Data, text, picture, tables and all types of special information can be transferred by e-mail.

The second-most vital area of development is Electronic Commerce (e-Commerce). The concept is simple. For instance, one could send an e-mail to the nearest grocery shop for daily requirements and this would be delivered at one's doorstep. Corporate firms would float their tenders and projects through the Internet. Vendors, management and engineering consultants and other business associates can discuss projects online through the Internet. Orders would be placed online and executed through the Internet. Which is why e-commerce is picking up rapidly in the Indian industry.

Another important IT development envisaged is the advent of Internet shops in all parts of urban India. People could surf through various sites on the Internet and collect information. All magazines, newspapers, city guides, movies and other entertainment shows are available online on the Internet. In the years to come, people could surf through the Internet for education, information, business and leisure.

IT has made its presence felt in consumer electronics also. Examples include mobile phones, trunking systems, computer monitors, high memory Magneto Optic Drives, Digital Video Disks (DVDs) for video applications, STD calls at the rate of Rs. 3 per minute, high definition stereo systems and a host of facilities for telephone users. The satellite phone is another feather in the cap of IT professionals.

 

IT would usher modem man into the era of a paperless office. All offices and homes would be connected through LAN/W AN (local area network/wide area network) and the Internet. Information would be collected, analysed, tabulated, presented and transferred electronically, through cordless modes. The real emphasis would then be on performance, not paper work. 



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