Home Remedy for Gastro intestinal Disorders

Herbal Treatment

Home Remedy for Gastro intestinal Disorders

Treatment

Many plants preparation are available in the market to correct all types of gastro-intestinal problems.

Role of Plants

1. Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot) A. Rich

Description: A small trailing herb. Root slender, spreading horizontally. Mature roots monitiform, in bunches. Leaves in opposite pairs, their tips pointed, margins entire. Flowers white, small in small bunches.

Distribution: Cultivated in India. Available in the market.

Parts used: Rhizome.

Properties: Appetizer, anti-amoebic, anti-cough, emetic (causing vomiting), diaphoretic (producing sweat).

Phytochemicals: Alkaloid-emetine (Main active substance).

Forms of use: Tincture, powder, decoction, syrup.

Medicinal Uses

The rhizome of the plant constitute the drug Ipecae. This drug is useful in amoebic dysentery and diarrhoea with abdominal pain and tenesmus.

Given in large doses, it brings about vomiting and this property is utilized for bringing relief from cough. It also acts as a diaphoretic i.e., brings about sweating.

Syrup ipecae was one of the drugs to act as an emetic to expel orally ingested poisons.

2. Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) DC.

Description: A small shrub or small tree, sometimes Up to 10 m tall. Leaves 10-30 cm long, ovate, thin, nerves on the leaves conspicuous. Leaf stalks very small. Flowers white, fragrant, 1-15 cm diameter, in large terminal bunches. Fruits slender, cylindric, 20-45 cm long, 6-8 mm thick, dark grey with white speeks all over. Seeds about 1 cm long, having a tuft of long (2-25 cm), brown hairs at top. All parts of the plant, on an incision give out white milky juice.

Distribution: The plant occurs throughout India. Available ,Indian market as "Kurchi".

Parts used: Bark, seeds and leaves.

Properties: Bitter, stomachic, astringent, powerful anti- dysentric, febrifuge, anthelmintic and carminative.

Forms of use: Decoction, powder.

Phytochemicals: Terpenes, alkaloids, sterols, saponins, tanins and flavones.

Medicinal Uses

1. The dried bark of the plant constitutes the drug "kurchi". The chief use of this drug is in amoebic dysentery. Liquid extract of the bark has a good effect in dysentery and intermittent fevers.

2. The bark of the plant also has tonic and febrifuge properties.

3. The alkaloid contents present in the bark has been found to retard growth of tubercular bacilli.

4. Bark of the stem and root, preferably of the young plants and the seeds, is used as a remedy in acute and chronic diarrhoea and dysentery. Seeds enter into the composition of many prescription for bilious affections, fever, bowel complaints, piles and intestinal worms.

3. Euphorbia hirta, Linn.

Description: A small perennial herb with milky latex in all parts of the plant. Stems hairy, leaves small, opposite, elliptic-oblong or oblong lanceolate, fruits small, seeds smooth and blue coloured.

Distribution: Throughout hotter parts of India.

Parts used: Whole plant.

Properties: Anthelmintic, expectorant, antidysentric, hypoglycemic.

Phytochemicals: Alkaloid, essential oil, phenols, sterol, flavones and fatty acids.

Forms of use: Decoction, infusion, paste and juice.

Medicinal Uses

1. Juice of the plant is useful in dysentery. At least 5-10 plants are to be collected and' made into a paste with some water. It is filtered and taken two or three times a day. It is a confirmed treatment for dysentery, abdominal pain and tenesmus.

2. The plant as a whole is used in diseases of children in worms, bowel complaints, cough etc.

3. Decoction of the plant is given in broncheal affections and asthma.

4. Latex of the plant is used as application for warts.

Doses-

                Infusion               14 to 28 ml

                Decoction            28 to 56 ml

4. Aegle marmelos Linn. Correa

Description: A medium sized tree bearing strong auxillary thorn. Leaves with 3 or 5 leaflets. Flowers greenish white, sweet scented, about 2.5 cm across, in small bunches. Fruit 8-20 cm diameter, globose, green, finally greyist, round woody, pulp orange-coloured, sweet, aromatic.

Distribution: Found all over India. Readily available in the market during summer.

Parts used: Fruit (ripe and unripe both), root bark, stem, leaves, rind of the ripe fruit and flowers.

Properties: Sweet, aromatic, cooling, alterant, nutritive and laxative. Unripe fruit astringent, digestive and stomachic.

Phytochemicals: Glycosides, alkaloids, flavone.

Forms of use: Jam, sharbat, decoction, powder.

Medicinal Uses

1. It is useful in chronic dysentery and diarrhoea, particularly for patients having diarrhoea with spells of constipation. For this a ripe fruit is eaten.

2. Sweet drinks (Sharbats) prepared from the ripe fruits are useful as soothing agent for intestine of patients who have just recovered from bascillary dysentery.

3. The unripe or half ripe fruits improve appetite and digestion.

4. The bael fruit is valuable chiefly for its mucilage and pectin, it removes constipation if fruit is taken continuously for a few days.

5. A decoction of the leaves is a febrifuge and expectorant (antibiotic activity of the leaf, fruit and root is confirmed experimentally) especially in asthmatic complaints.

6. Decoction of the root bark is used in intermittent fevers, melancholia (a mental illness in which the predominant symptom is depression, unhappiness and misery), palpitation of heart and inflammation of uterus

7. Ripe fruit removes constipation and dysentery. Powdered pulp is given in doses of 2 to 4 g in acute dysentery with gripping pain.

Doses-

Powder 2 to 4 g

Infusion 2 to 12 m1

Decoction 28 to 56 m1

Other Useful Plants

Zingiber afficinale (Adrak)-Extremely valuable in dyspepsia, colic, flatulence (presence of excessive of gas in stomach and alimentary canal), vomiting, spasm and other painful affections of the stomach. It should be used in food stuff.

Terminalia chebula (Harr), Terminalia bellerica (Bahera) and Emblica officinalis (Amla)-Together called TRIPHALA (3 Fruits)- an Ayurvedic remedy for treating various gastro-intestinal disorders. Two teaspoonfuls triphala powder each night clears constipation and allied complaints.

Allium salivum (Lahsun)-An ancient intestinal anti- septic expels gas from the stomach and cleans the alimentary canal. A paste of 5 cloves mixed with honey taken daily on a bread improves appetite, digestion and removes flatulence.

Mentha arvensis (Podina)-Is useful in indigestion, tenesmus, diarrhoea and vomiting. It is being used in the form of liquid and chutney.

Nigella sativa (Kanlaunji)-This is useful in stomach trouble-50 gms of kanlaunji is soaked in vineger, dried and powdered. This powder 6-10 gm when used after meals clears gas and indigestion and gives strength to stomach, spleen, kidney.

Amorphophallus companulatus (Zamikand)-It is used in piles and given as a restorative in dyspepsia and debility. It is a hot carminative in the form of a pickle.

Foeniculum vulgare (Soya)-It is useful in indigestion, colic, flatulence. It should be eaten during the cultivated season.

Cuminum cyminum (Zeera)-In indigestion, loss of ap- petite, flatulence, bloated feeling-50 gms zeera (black or white) soaked in vineger and dried. To it add 6 gm powdered dried ginger and 4 gm black salt. Use this mixture 20-25 gms after meals.

Plantago ovata (Isafgol)-Is useful in dysentery and chronic diarrhoea. It is also useful as a soothing agent for mucous membranes and removes constipation.

Medicines

Ayurvedic

Diarrhoea and Dysentery    - Katujarist (for blood dysentery), Amibica

Indigestion                             - Lavan Bhaskar Chuma and Hingavasti Chuma

Constipation                          - Triphala, Kabzhar

Unani

Indigestion                             - Pachnol and Majoon Mukavy Meda

Diarrhoea and Dysentery    - Pech, Malti basant, Jawarish Amla

Constipation                         - Kurs Mulayyan, Majoon- Anjir and Isafgol

Homeopathic

Diarrhoea                             - China Complex

Indigestion                           - Hydrastis Complex  

 

Dysentery                             - Merce Sol Complex 



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