Natural treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder
Many children are active. They say and do impulsive things and have trouble concentrating. When those characteristics are severe and affect a child's schoolwork and social life, they are part of a group of chronic conditions known as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention-deficit disorder (ADD), or hyperkinetic disorder.
ADHD has been a controversial diagnosis around the world. How- ever, it is now recognized by such organizations as the World Health Organization, the Royal College of Psychiatrists and the American Psychiatric Association.
It is also recognized that ADHD persists into adulthood in somewhere between one-third and two-thirds of children with the disorder. Estimates vary widely as to how many people have ADHD - anywhere from 3 to 7 percent of school-age children and 2 to 4 percent of adults.
No one knows the cause, but a number of studies show that ADHD runs in families. Boys are more likely to have it than girls. It is not caused by bad parenting, although certain parenting styles may make it better or worse.
Low birth weight, prenatal maternal smoking or drug abuse, and other prenatal problems have been linked to ADHD.
Researchers have found that the neurotransmitters - the chemicals that carry signals within the brain - behave differently in children with ADHD. Why this occurs is still a mystery.
The Royal College of Psychiatrists in the United Kingdom say that there is some evidence that diet affects children, while United States sources adamantly deny the role of sugar and food additives.
Although ADHD may not be preventable, proper treatment of ADHD can help prevent problems with school and social relation- ships. Do not smoke or abuse alcohol or drugs during pregnancy, and get good prenatal care.
No test exists that can diagnose ADHD, so diagnosis can be difficult. It is based on symptoms and the exclusion of other conditions that could cause similar problems.
A physical evaluation, including hearing and vision assessments, is critical. Doctors may do blood tests, brain imaging studies such as CAT scans and MRIs, or an electro- encephalogram (EEG). However, these cannot diagnose ADHD; they can, however, rule out other conditions, such as thyroid problems. In as many as two-thirds of cases, other problems, such as depression, anxiety, sleep disorders and learning disabilities, may co-exist with ADHD.
Diagnosis is not usually made until after the age of six or seven, because many young children may show some of the symptoms. Information should be collected from parents, teachers and other carers. Symptoms must occur in more than one setting, be more severe than in other children, have started before the age of seven, last more than six months, and interfere with functioning at school, home or in social situations.
• INATTENTIVENESS A child who has ADHD with inattentiveness (ADD) will have six or more of the following symptoms: difficulty following instructions, difficulty paying attention, often loses things, looks like they are not listening, does not pay close attention to details, seems disorganized, has trouble planning ahead, forgets things and is easily distracted.
• HYPERACTIVITYIIMPULSIVITY A child with ADHD and hyperactivity/impulsivity will have six or more of the following symptoms: fidgety, runs or climbs inappropriately, cannot play quietly, blurts out answers, interrupts people, cannot stay in a seat, talks too much, is always on the go and has trouble waiting his or her turn. There are some children who have both inattentiveness and hyperactivity/impulsivity,
• ADULT ADHD Adults who have ADHD usually are not hyperactive but suffer from mood swings, a quick temper, an inability to complete tasks, and are easily distracted. They may have trouble organizing things, listening to instructions, remembering details and controlling their behaviour.
Symptoms of ADHD do not suddenly appear in adulthood; they must have been present since child- hood. Otherwise, conditions such as depression, anxiety, thyroid or other hormonal problems, alcoholism, drug use, exposure to toxins or side-effects of prescription or herbal medicines may be to blame
Children with ADD/ADHD may be:
· Inattentive, but not hyperactive or impulsive.
· impulsive, but able to pay attention.
Symptoms of inattention in children:
· Doesn’t pay attention to details
· Makes careless mistakes
· Has trouble staying focused; is easily distracted
· Appears not to listen when spoken to
· Has difficulty remembering things and following instructions
· Has trouble staying organized, planning ahead, and finishing projects
· Gets bored with a task before it’s completed
· Frequently loses or misplaces homework, books, toys, or other items
Symptoms of hyperactivity in children:
· Constantly fidgets and squirms
· Often leaves his or her seat in situations where sitting quietly is expected
· Moves around constantly, often runs or climbs inappropriately
· Talks excessively
· Has difficulty playing quietly or relaxing
· Is always “on the go,” as if driven by a motor
· May have a quick temper or a “short fuse”
Treatment should take a multi- faceted approach.
MEDICATION Children and adults may benefit from treatment with psycho stimulants such as meth- ylphenidate, dextroamphetamine or pemolines. These drugs cannot cure ADHD, but may control many of the symptoms. Atomoxetine, a new no stimulant medication, may also work. Some anti- depressants and antihypertensive may also control symptoms.
BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTIONS Children with ADHD need consistent parenting strategies and positive reinforcement. Children, especially older ones and teenagers, should be involved in planning treatment. Children and adults need problem-solving, communication and self-advocacy skills to cope with the symptoms of ADHD. Individual and family counseling as well as support groups offer other coping strategies and build self-esteem.
SCHOOL SUPPORT Most children with ADHD can be taught with other students in the regular classroom. Some may need more positive reinforcement or special education services, especially if they have learning disabilities.
OTHER STRATEGIES Sufferers of ADHD should have a structured environment and use organizational tools such as planners.
HOMEOPATHY A study published in the European Journal of Pediatrics in 2005 found that a homeopathic remedy had positive effects in children with ADHD.
OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS A Oxford University study published in Pediatrics in 2005 found that children with coordination disorders and problems with school performance had improved concentration and behaviour when given a mixture of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
YOGA Yoga can be beneficiary for ADD problems some kind of Yoga Asana and pranayam help to children.